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Glaucoma Testing & Management at Macha Eye Care in Central Indiana

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The Right Tools to Manage Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of progressive eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is vital to good vision and optimal eye health. Typically, glaucoma causes the eye’s pressure to rise, creating stress on the optic nerve and causing damage. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60.

The front segment of the eye between the cornea and the iris is called the anterior chamber. The anterior chamber is filled with a liquid called the aqueous humor that is continuously produced and drained.

If the aqueous humor isn’t drained properly, the liquid can cause the eye’s intraocular pressure to rise. The elevated pressure is generally asymptomatic and hard to notice until it begins to affect your eyesight.

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Types of Glaucoma

The drainage angle in the eye is the space between the cornea and the iris in the anterior chamber. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma that occurs when too much aqueous is produced and doesn’t drain properly. When the liquid builds up, the intraocular pressure begins to rise and lead to irreversible vision loss.

Sometimes, the angle between the cornea and iris can narrow or close altogether. When this happens, the aqueous humor becomes trapped in the anterior chamber, unable to drain. This is known as acute-angle glaucoma.

Symptoms can occur suddenly, causing a rapid spike in intraocular pressure, which is very dangerous for your vision. Unlike other types of glaucoma, acute-angle glaucoma causes severe symptoms, including:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Eye pain
  • Blurry vision
  • Intense glare or halos around lights
  • Excessive tears

An acute angle-closure attack is considered an eye emergency. If you experience these symptoms, please call 911 or go to your nearest emergency room as soon as possible.

In some cases, the optic nerve can sustain damage even when the eye is functioning normally. Normal-tension glaucoma is difficult to manage as the eye maintains average intraocular pressure.

The cause of normal-tension remains unknown, as the optic nerve becomes damaged with relatively low pressure levels.

Testing for Glaucoma

Early detection and treatment of glaucoma through comprehensive eye exams is paramount in preventing vision loss and blindness. At Macha Eye Care, every exam involves testing your eye’s internal pressure and assessing your optic nerve to check for signs of glaucoma.

If you have glaucoma or suspect you may be developing the condition, we will use various diagnostic tools to evaluate your overall ocular health best. Some of the tests we will use include:

Based on the results, we can make an accurate diagnosis on the severity of your condition. We can then make practical recommendations on various treatment options, including topical or oral anti-glaucoma medications.

If you need surgery, we’ll refer you to an appropriate ophthalmologist that specializes in glaucoma treatment. We also provide proper follow-up care to ensure your eyes are healing properly.

Treating Glaucoma

There are several treatment methods and strategies to treat glaucoma, lower intraocular pressure, and preserve your vision. Some typical treatments include:

If you require surgery as a treatment for an acute-angle attack, your ophthalmologist will make a small hole in your iris with a laser to enable the buildup of liquid to drain. This procedure can also be done preventatively on eyes with a narrow angle to avoid future acute-angle attacks.

3 Locations to Serve You Best

Westfield

Contact Information

Our Address

651 East 191st Street
Westfield, IN 46074

Fountain Square

Contact Information

Our Address

1429 Shelby Street
Indianapolis, IN 46203

Hours

Monday
10 AM5 PM
Tuesday
10 AM7 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
9 AM5 PM
Friday
9 AM5 PM
Saturday
CLOSED
Sunday
CLOSED

Anderson

Contact Information

Address

1537 South Scatterfield Road, and 1541 South Scatterfield Road
Anderson, IN 46016

Hours of Operations

Monday
10 AM5 PM
Tuesday
9 AM7 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
9 AM7 PM
Friday
9 AM5 PM
9 AM12 PM
Sunday
CLOSED

Contact Information

Our Address

651 East 191st Street
Westfield, IN 46074

Contact Information

Our Address

1429 Shelby Street
Indianapolis, IN 46203

Hours

Monday
10 AM5 PM
Tuesday
10 AM7 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
9 AM5 PM
Friday
9 AM5 PM
Saturday
CLOSED
Sunday
CLOSED

Contact Information

Address

1537 South Scatterfield Road, and 1541 South Scatterfield Road
Anderson, IN 46016

Hours of Operations

Monday
10 AM5 PM
Tuesday
9 AM7 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
9 AM7 PM
Friday
9 AM5 PM
9 AM12 PM
Sunday
CLOSED

Our Services

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