Diabetic Eye Disease
If diabetes is not managed correctly, blood glucose and insulin levels can spike and dip, creating stress on the body. These unregulated levels can damage the small blood vessels in the retina, known as diabetic retinopathy.
When diabetic retinopathy occurs, the blood vessels become weak, resulting in retinal hemorrhages and fluid accumulation. In advanced stages, new, abnormal blood vessels grow, burst, and leak blood and other fluids into the eye, leading to scarring and vision loss.
Diabetic macular edema is swelling and fluid accumulation in the macula, the central most part of the retina. Because the macula is responsible for central, detailed vision, damage causes noticeable vision loss.
Macular edema occurs as a result of poorly controlled blood sugar and insulin levels. If left untreated, diabetic macular edema often leads to blindness and permanent damage.
If your diabetes leads to an eye condition, we can refer you to an ophthalmologist specializing in retina diseases.
For diabetic retinopathy, laser photocoagulation can be used to target and seal weak blood vessels. This technique is used to stop blood and fluid from leaking into the eye, leading to scarring and vision loss.
Dr. Macha and his associates can refer you to a retinal specialist for diabetic macular edema treatment, which can involve intraocular injections referred to as anti-VEGF therapy.
The most effective treatment for diabetic eye disease is prevention. Annual comprehensive eye examinations with your optometrist and proper management of your diabetes with your physician are vital to maintaining good overall health.